K. W. Waddell et al., In Situ Detection of PHIP at 48 mT: Demonstration Using a Centrally Controlled Polarizer, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 133(1), 97-101
Presented here is a centrally controlled, automated parahydrogen-based polarizer with in situ
detection capability. A 20% polarization, corresponding to a 5 000 000-fold signal enhancement at 48 mT, is demonstrated on 2-hydroxyethyl-1-13C-propionate-d2,3,3 using a double-tuned antenna and pulsed polarization transfer. In situ detection is a refinement of first-generation devices enabling fast calibration of rf pulses and B0, quality assurance of hyperpolarized contrast agents, and stand-alone operation without the necessity of high-field MR spectrometers. These features are essential for biomedical applications of parahydrogen-based hyperpolarization and for clinical translation. We demonstrate the flexibility of the device by recording 13C signal decay due to longitudinal relaxation of a hyperpolarized contrast agent at 48 mT corresponding to 2 MHz proton frequency. This appears to be the longest recorded T1 (101 +/- 7 s) for a 13C hyperpolarized contrast agent in water.