Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Instrumentation #DNPNMR

Instrumentation for DNP-NMR spectroscopy has many similar components to instrumentation for EPR spectroscopy. This is a comprehensive review of the current state-of-the-art in EPR instrumentation, covering all aspects from magnet technology, pulse generation, detection and resonator design.

Reijerse, Edward, and Anton Savitsky. “Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Instrumentation.” In EMagRes, edited by Robin K. Harris and Roderick L. Wasylishen, 187–206. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.


The article gives a general overview of instrumentation commonly used in electron paramagnetic resonance. It includes magnet systems, microwave bridge configurations, and sample cryostats. A special focus has been placed on the discussion of various resonator and sample probe designs used in CW as well as pulsed EPR. Specialized EPR applications such as very high frequency EPR, electrochemistry, stopped flow, and the application to volume limited samples are briefly discussed.

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